Northwest Territories


In Inuktitut the Northwest Territories are referred to as ‘Nunatsiaq’, which means ‘beautiful land’. Reaching for over 1.3 million square kilometres, it is home to the Great Bear Lake, the largest lake in Canada, and the Great Slave Lake, the deepest body of water in North America. The 1,738km-long Mackenzie River travels from deep in the heart of the continent to the Arctic Ocean, through the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve (a UNESCO World Heritage Site) and the islands of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. 

The artworks showcased in the Northwest Territories Room at Canada House are notable in their simplicity: Helen Kalvak’s stonecuts depicting the territory’s wildlife; John Sabourin’s Flowing Raven sculpture in chlorite stone; and the rich carpet of berries created by Brandy Wilson.

Brandy Wilson carpet artwork
Brandy Wilson carpet artwork



Every winter a network of ice roads is constructed across the Northwest Territories. Between December and April it’s possible to drive over the sea between Inuvik andTuktoyaktuk across the Mackenzie River Delta.

The world’s longest heavy haul ice road is 568km in length and stretches from Yellowknife to Contoyoto Lake Winter Road on the western edge of Nunavut between February and March.

Canada’s most northerly town is Inuvik, where you can find a church shaped like an igloo.

A pingo is a cone-shaped hill with an ice core. There are over a thousand in the Northwest Territories.

Every March the community of Yellowknife builds a castle out of snow as part of the Snowking Winter Festival.

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